Nonsurgical: Some nonsurgical treatments may be something patients want to start with if the tear is not severe. These treatments include rest, activity modification, anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy, a steroid injection, or a combination of the above.
Surgical: If pain persists after six to twelve months, an all-arthroscopicrepair may be necessary. In arthroscopy, the surgeon uses a small camera to identify the injury and perform the repair via miniature instruments. For a larger tear, the rotator cuff tendon is re-attached to the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) with sutures. For a minor tear, it is possible that only a trimming or smoothing procedure, called a debridement, is necessary.
These surgeries are outpatient procedures that are minimally invasive.